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The development and future of robots

  • Author:Nancy
  • Source:original
  • Release on :2019-09-12
        The development and future of robots

   The birth of robots and the establishment and development of robotics are the most convincing achievements in the field of automatic control in the 20th century, and are the major achievements of human science and technology progress in the 20th century. There are now 1 million robots in the world, and sales are increasing by 20% or more each year. Robotics and industry have grown like never before. Robot technology is the embodiment of the intersection and integration of modern science and technology. The development of advanced robots represents the comprehensive scientific and technological strength and level of the country. Therefore, many countries have already included robotics in their 21st century high-tech development plans along with robotics applications. With the continuous expansion, robots have entered the field of human work and life from the traditional manufacturing industry. In addition, with the expansion of the scope of demand, the development of robot structure and form has diversified. The high-end system has obvious bionic and intelligent features, its performance is constantly improving, its functions are continuously expanding and perfecting; various robot systems are gradually developing towards a more intelligent and closer relationship with human society.

  More than 90% of the robots currently operating in the industry are not intelligent. With the rapid growth of industrial robots and the development of industrial production, higher requirements are placed on the working ability of robots, especially robots and special robots with different degrees of intelligence. Some of these intelligent robots can simulate human walking on two legs and can move on uneven ground; some have visual and tactile functions, capable of independent operation, automatic assembly and product inspection; some have autonomous control and Decision-making capacity. These intelligent robots not only use various feedback sensors, but also use various learning, reasoning and decision-making techniques in artificial intelligence. Intelligent robots also use many of the latest smart technologies, such as telepresence technology, virtual reality technology, multi-realism technology, artificial neural network technology, genetic algorithms and genetic programming, sound reproduction technology, multi-sensor integration and fusion technology, and nanotechnology. It can be said that intelligent robots will be the future direction of robot technology development.

   Looking ahead, the demand for robots is multifaceted. In the manufacturing industry, the product life of most industrial products is gradually shortened, and the demand for varieties is increased. This promotes the production of products from the traditional single-variety mass production to the multi-variety small-volume flexible production. Flexible manufacturing systems consisting of various processing equipment, robots, material handling equipment and automated warehouses, as well as larger integrated manufacturing systems that are uniformly scheduled by computers, will gradually become one of the main production methods of the manufacturing industry.